<track id="pzjkf"></track>

      <track id="pzjkf"></track>
      <tbody id="pzjkf"></tbody>
      Share
      Print
      A+
      A-

      Coral seas: a symphony of marine life

      Writer: Matteo Convertino  |  Editor: Zhang Chanwen  |  From: Shenzhen Daily  |  Updated: 2023-11-03

      Coral reefs are vital ecosystems that support a diverse range of marine life, playing host to various species including sponges, oysters, clams, crabs, and fish. They are interconnected with nearby habitats, forming a complex marine ecosystem.

      珊瑚礁是一種重要的生態系統,支持多種海洋生物,是海綿、牡蠣、蛤蜊、螃蟹和魚類的棲息地。棲息地之間又相互連接,形成一個更為復雜的海洋生態系統。

      Tabular corals in Okinawa, Japan, whose phenotypical features reflect healthy conditions, such as color, size, roughness and interspecies overlap. Matteo Convertino

      日本沖繩的表層珊瑚,其顏色、大小、粗糙度和種間重疊的表型特征反映了其健康狀況。

      Approximately a quarter of all marine life, including fish, relies on coral reefs at some point in their life cycle. These reefs possess unique ecological functions, such as carbon storage, nutrient regulation, and support for marine species survival. They provide invaluable services to humanity, in aspects of fisheries, moderation of sea-level rise, and storm-surge attenuation.

      包括魚類在內,大約四分之一的海洋生物在其生命周期的某個階段依賴珊瑚礁。這些珊瑚礁具有獨特的生態功能,如碳儲存、營養調節和支持海洋物種生存。它們在漁業、減緩海平面上升和減弱風暴潮等方面為人類提供了寶貴的服務。

      Coral reefs face numerous challenges and threats. Ocean heat waves with unprecedented temperatures pose a significant threat, harming the health and existence of corals and their communities. Coral bleaching, resulting from environmental stress, impacts not only individual corals but also affects adjacent corals. The presence of microorganisms such as Terpios contributes to the spread of bleaching, further damaging coral life. These factors collectively reduce coral reef functionality and can lead to habitat disintegration within a short period.

      珊瑚礁面臨眾多挑戰和威脅。溫度高漲的海洋熱浪是最大威脅,損害了珊瑚及其群落的健康。環境壓力導致的珊瑚白化不僅影響單個珊瑚,還會影響鄰近的珊瑚。海綿等有害生物的存在加劇了白化現象的蔓延,進一步損害了珊瑚的生命。這些因素共同降低了珊瑚礁的功能,并可能在短期內導致棲息地解體。

      This year, high sea-surface temperatures have resulted in massive coral losses globally. These temperatures also negatively impact coral fitness and survival in the long term by increasing water depth.

      今年,較高的海面溫度導致全球珊瑚大量死亡。從長遠來看,溫度還會隨著海平面上漲對珊瑚的適應性和存活率產生負面影響。

      In the Shenzhen part of Dapeng Bay, the development of coral reefs is inadequate, with sparse formations that are difficult to observe. This is attributed to local bioclimatic factors and chronic stress over time. The health of the coral ecosystem remains uncertain, but it is evident that corals in the region are far from optimal. Efforts are underway to map the potential for reef reconstruction and to raise awareness to the deteriorating ecosystem.

      在大鵬灣深圳段,珊瑚礁發育不足,分布稀疏,難以觀察。這歸因于當地的生物氣候因素和長期的慢性壓力。珊瑚生態系統的健康狀況仍不確定,但該地區的珊瑚顯然遠未達到最佳狀態。目前正在努力繪制珊瑚礁重建潛力圖,并提高人們的海洋環境意識,直面日益退化的生態系統。

      Healthy coral ecosystem in Okinawa, Japan, composed by multiple interconnected and diverse patches harboring many marine species in a similar bioclimatic context of Shenzhen. Matteo Convertino

      日本沖繩島健康的珊瑚生態系統由多個相互連接的多樣化斑塊組成,在其中棲息著許多海洋物種,這里的生物氣候環境與深圳類似。

      A comparison between healthy corals in Okinawa, Japan, and in Mirs Bay reveals stark differences. Healthy reefs consist of diverse patches that provide habitat for various species, while unhealthy reefs are characterized by encrusted biofilm and an abundance of algae. The soundscape of healthy reefs is diverse, contributing to a symphony of marine life, while degraded reefs have lower diversity and fewer fish species. These degraded habitats can even disorient large cetaceans like whales.

      若將日本沖繩的珊瑚與大鵬灣的珊瑚進行比較,可以發現兩者之間存在著明顯的差異。健康的珊瑚礁由多種多樣的斑塊組成,為各種物種提供棲息地,而不健康的珊瑚礁覆蓋著生物膜和大量藻類。健康珊瑚礁里的能發聲的生物非常多元,像是一支海底的海洋生物交響樂隊,而退化珊瑚礁的多樣性較低,魚類物種較少。這些退化的棲息地甚至會使鯨魚等大型鯨目動物迷失方向。

      Coral spawning is observed in some coral communities offshore Nan’ao, Dapeng Peninsula in this May 2023 file photo. Courtesy of Blue Fins, a NGO in Shenzhen.

      在這張 2023 年 5 月的資料照片中,人們在大鵬半島南澳近海的一些珊瑚群落中觀察到珊瑚產卵。

      Understanding the connection between recent Bryde’s whale strandings in the Mirs Bay and the state of coastal coral gardens is essential. Eco-unfriendly practices disrupt the food web, impacting large cetaceans and altering their migration patterns. High nutrient levels and artificial lighting may have lured the whales closer to the coast, while anthropogenic sounds and boats may have disoriented them, contributing to their demise.

      了解最近在大鵬灣發生的布氏鯨擱淺事件與沿海珊瑚群落狀況之間的關系至關重要。不環保的行為破壞了食物網,會影響大型鯨目動物并改變其遷徙模式。沿岸海水的富營養化和岸邊城市的燈光照明可能誘使鯨魚靠近海岸,而人為的聲音以及船只可能使它們迷失方向,從而導致它們的死亡。

      As the beautiful coral reefs hold immense value and have an essential role in sustaining global ecosystems, protecting them is crucial. Recognizing their importance allows us to strive for their continuity and resilience for future generations.

      美麗的珊瑚礁具有巨大的生態價值,在維持全球生態系統方面發揮著重要作用,保護珊瑚礁至關重要,為我們這一代,也為子孫后代努力重建繽紛的海底世界。






      亚洲欧美v国产蜜芽tv-bbox撕裂bass孕妇公交车-bl含着按摩器体育课跑步-97精品伊人久久大香线蕉-校草太大了(h)-双腿打开绑在刑床惩罚男男双性
      <track id="pzjkf"></track>

        <track id="pzjkf"></track>
        <tbody id="pzjkf"></tbody>